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Who invented saxophone ?

Updated: Mar 8, 2021

Antoine-Joseph "Adolphe" Sax was a Belgian inventor and musician who created the saxophone in the early 1840s, patenting it in 1846. He also invented the saxotromba, saxhorn and saxtuba. He played the flute and clarinet.

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Adolphe Sax was born on November the 6th, 1814, in Dinant, which was a part of France at the time, but was then annexed by Netherlands and in 1830 later became the independent country of Belgium.

He was the oldest of 11 children in his family, and doubtless the luckiest of them since he faced many near-death experiences in his early years.

He was lucky to survive his childhood, during which he fell from a third-story window and hit his head on a stone, swallowed a pin, was burned during a gunpowder accident and burned again by a frypan , was poisoned 3 times by varnish fumes, hit on the top with a cobblestone, and nearly drowned during a river.

His father, Charles-Joseph Sax, was instrument designer who made pianos, harps, and wind and brass instruments.

Making musical instruments was in Sax’s blood so he became his father’s apprentice.

In 1828, he began his formal musical education at the Royal School of Music located in Brussels, where he studied the flute and clarinet.

When he was an adolescent he created whole new designs for the clarinet and for flutes and a couple of years later he invented a replacement clarinet model, referred to as the 24-key clarinet.